Tuesday, October 8, 2013

ESO 1: UNIT 1 REVISION

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Dear ESO 1 students,

As your unit 1 exam is due on Wednesday 9th and Thursday 10th, here you have some notes about the grammar and vocabulary studied along this unit which will help you revise at home:

GRAMMAR:

Personal pronouns.
Be: present simple affirmative, negative and questions.
Wh- pronouns: questions with the verb be.

Remember:
We can replace subject pronouns by names:
He's handsome = Brad Pitt's handsome
She's very inteligent = María's very intelligent
It's clever = My cat's clever
They are in the box = My books are in the box

If the subject is singular (we use 's) if it is plural (we use are). Examples:
Is/Are your mum pretty? Your mum=singular=Is she/Is your mum?
Is/Are your bird yellow? Your bird=singular=Is the bird/Is it?
Is/Are Peter a good teacher? Peter=singular=Is Peter/ Is he?
Is/Are these photos from Paris? These photos=plural=Are these photos/Are they?
Answers
Are you a good student? Yes I am                Are you Spanish? Yes, we are
Are you from New York? No, I am not          Are your parents old? No, they aren’t
Is Peter a good teacher? Yes, he is              Are Angelina and Brad married? Yes, they are
Is your mum pretty? Yes, she is                      
Is your bird yellow? No, it isn’t                        

A. Circle the correct option and answer the questions:
1. Is / Are you American?                                         5. Is / Are your dog intelligent?
2. Is / Are we going to the party?                              6. Is / Are Paula and Marcos your friends?
3. Is / Are Melanie a good student?                         7. Is / Are Leonardo Dicaprio a good actor?
4. Is / Are my books on the table?

Remember:
What=qué/cuál
When=cuándo
Where=dónde
Who= quién
How old=cuántos años
's is the contracted form of is
He's = He is             
She's = She is                      
It's = It is
We can replace subject pronouns by names:
He's a good man = My brother's a good man
She's beautiful = My sister's beautiful
It's very big = My dog's very big
They are on the table = My books are on the table
If the subject is singular (we use 's) if it is plural (we use are). Examples:
What's/are her name?  (Her name = singular. Her name's / It's)
How old's/are your brother? (Your brother = singular. Your brother's / He's)
Who's/are this girl? (This girl = singular. This girl's / She's)
Where's/are Marta and Julia? (Marta and Julia = plural. Marta and Julia are / They are)

B. Circle the correct option, are or ‘s
1. What's/are your favourite film?                           6. When's/are his birthday?
2. What's/are your favourite books?                       7. Where's/are my dog?
3. How old's/are your parents?                                8. Where's/are my English books?
4. How old's/are your sister?                                   9. Who's/are Paula and María?
5. When's/are Summer Holidays?                          10. Who's/are your favourite animal?

Remember:
QUESTION WORD
Verb To be
Subject
Other elements
Who
's / is
She?

What
's / is
this?

Which
's / is
your bag?

When
's / is
your birthday?

Where
are
Helen and Zoe?

How old
are
your parents?


Again, the verb To be always match with the subject:
Who's She?                      Where are Helen and Zoe?
What's this?                      How old are your parents?


C) Order the words to make questions:
1. 's/ his / best friend / who?                          4. film / favourite / what / 's?
2. friend / old / how / 's / your?                      5. you / coming /when / are ?
3. from / where / your parents / are?


VOCABULARY:

Favourite things:

Bike: bicicleta
Books: libros
Camera: cámara de fotos
Cat: gato
Clothes: ropa
Computer Games: videojuegos
DVD
Games Console: consola de videojuegos
Mobile:  teléfono móvil
MP3 Player: reproductor MP3
Piano
Trainers: tenis / zapatillas de deporte

Sports:

Basketball: baloncesto
Cycling: ciclismo
Football: fútbol
Horse Riding: equitación
Karate
Rugby
Skiing: esquí
Snowboarding
Swimming: natación
Tennis: tenis

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